Pis Bolong or perforated coins once became a transaction tool in Bali in the past. Flat round shape and hollow in the middle. On both surfaces contain Chinese characters writing. In Bali, the coins still have a function in Balinese Hindu communities. Still in many various of ceremonies, and also used to make souvenir items for the sake of tourism.
For the majority of Balinese Hindus, certain types of coins are believed to have supernatural powers or magical.
Pis Bolong has become known in Indonesia since 1293 AD during the heyday of
Majapahit Kingdom. Comes from trade between Majapahit and Chinese. When the Majapahit do not not have the medium of exchange. Then, they use this as money as a tool in the trade. Trading in that time dominated by Chinese merchants.
There are many kinds of Pis Bolong in terms of the year made:
– Chinese-made, from the time of the Tang dynasty, the Sung and Chin (756 AD)
– Japanese-made, from the days of the Tokugawa dynasty (1741 AD)
– Made in Vietnam, not clear from the days of what dynasty it was
– Made from time Walisongo Java (Islam, 1400 AD) with Arabic letters
– Made by the shaman in Bali around the 13th century.
In this current era, Pis Bolong is almost extinct.
Then made copies. The PHDI ( Parisada Hindhu Dharma Indonesia ) Center has issued a decision Paruman Sulinggih, that Pis Bolong can now be replaced with coins which are applicable legal in Indonesia today.
The decision contained in the Unitary interpretation on aspects of Hindu religion.
Pis Bolong is a kind of currency that until now has significant meaning for the religious life in Bali especially Hinduism. Pis Bolong definitely see its use on every ceremony held in Bali good from Dewa Yadnya, Rsi Yadnya, Pitra Yadnya, Manusa Yadnya, or Bhuta Yadnya.
Pis Bolong shaped coin with a square hole in the middle is made from a mixture of metals such as bronze, copper, or brass. Judging from the letters shown on Pis Bolong is certainly already known from the original start Pis Bolong this. Pis Bolong is estimated to come from China in the era of Majapahit to be a successful payment tool.
The use of Pis Bolong at this time is not for another payment tool, but it works as Pis Sandangan in big ceremonies or Sesari on Kewangen. Pis Sandangan which is wrapped and tied with a filter woven from bamboo or copying (cane) so that similar shaped water pitcher. Number pieces in Pis Sandangan is SEPA SATUS (Thousand Seven Hundred). The smaller than Pis Sandangan there called Pis Andel Andel tied with thread Tridatu of two hundred pieces. Pis Andel Andel used in a smaller ceremony.
Additionally Pis Bolong also used when Ngajum Sekah at a Ngaben ceremony placed over a white cloth that has been painted to resemble human anatomy and taped using a needle.
In addition as a means of payment transactions and ceremonies, according to the narrative of the elders in Bali that Pis Bolong which has a unique and specific characteristics always be sought after.
At the moment among teenagers there who like to get the money PIS REJUNA perforated pictorial puppet figure most proficient in archery is the ARJUNA. Pis Bolong pictorial Arjuna is believed to be used to lure the girl who became the target of the youth. With the symbol Arjuna is believed to be able to shoot the girl’s heart to marry her as his wife. So tough and strong belief in the efficacy of this PIS REJUNA not least among young men a strong desire to marry her soon this dream hunt at night haunted place to place to get the PIS REJUNA.
Besides, the PIS REJUNA there is also PIS JARAN is believed to have efficacy gives equal power horse. This is usually believed to be used in the running game, soccer and other sports that require strong stamina to compete.
There is also the so-called PIS TUALEN, PIS SANGUT whose utility in accordance with the character of the existing characters in the puppet.